Facebook Twitter

NJ families have until Dec. 31 to request services for students with disabilities missed during the pandemic

Students wear masks while sitting at desks in a class.

A state law gives school districts until Dec. 31 to determine if compensatory services must be provided to students with disabilities.

Ben Hasty / MediaNews Group / Reading Eagle via Getty Images

The deadline is looming for parents of children with disabilities to take advantage of a New Jersey law that gives them the right to request “compensatory education” services in order to address two and a half years of learning disruptions caused by the pandemic. 

Per a state law passed in March, parents have until the end of the year to make a written request to their school district to schedule Individualized Education Program, or IEP, meetings to discuss how a student can make up the services they missed due to remote learning during the pandemic. If a school district doesn’t meet with a parent or schedule a meeting before the Dec. 31 deadline, families can still find help from the state by requesting a due process hearing by Sept. 1, 2023. 

“The idea is to see what the child needs and try and figure out how you would get the child to where they should be or where they would have been if they would’ve gotten the services that they needed,” said Elizabeth Athos, senior educational equity attorney at Education Law Center. 

In 2020, Newark students switched to remote learning instead of in-person due to school closures caused by the pandemic. Special education services were allowed to go virtual under a new state rule that year prompting revised coursework for students with disabilities and virtual IEP meetings with parents as needed. Despite school districts’ obligations to students with disabilities during the pandemic, Chalkbeat Newark found that in 2020, some Newark students hadn’t received services for more than 10 days, a situation that constitutes a change in placement requiring an IEP meeting. 

Compensatory education may include additional sessions per week or services provided beyond the regular school day. In 2020, the state department of education also told school districts that even if they complied with virtual services during the pandemic, make-up services might still be needed when students returned to in-person learning. 

Similarly, if families did not have access to the internet during the pandemic and could not participate in online learning, a student’s IEP team, or Child Study Team in Newark, would have to determine what compensatory instruction could be required when schools reopened. 

“We know that there were disruptions and gaps in education services, so school districts should be holding these meetings,” Athos said, adding that the teams work with parents to decide “what services can they provide in a meaningful way that will make up for that.”

Although school districts should provide information about what services a student missed during the pandemic, parents can also supplement those findings by providing more information about how a student responded to virtual services during their sessions or a list of services or days a child missed during that time. 

“Either way, it’s good for parents to have thought through what the IEP required that their child receive and what the child actually did receive,” Athos added. 

Students who turned 21 during remote learning are also entitled to receive compensatory education, according to the federal government. In 2021, New Jersey Gov. Phil Murphy signed a law providing a temporary one-year extension of special education and related services to students with disabilities age 21 or over in the 2020-21, 2021-22, or 2022-23 school years. The law applies to students who met with IEP team members and parents to determine a student’s eligibility.

In April, Murphy allocated nearly $18 million in federal American Rescue Plan funds to reimburse school districts for additional special education services for students impacted by the learning disruptions. As of April, the state Department of Education had approved reimbursement applications for 221 students in 78 school districts, according to the state. 

“The school district has an affirmative obligation to schedule these meetings,” Athos said. “The law says it can be sooner upon request of the parents.”

Compensatory education has always been available under the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, or IDEA, to students who may not have received their IEP-mandated services. The federal Section 504 regulation requires a school district to provide a “free appropriate public education,” or FAPE, to students with a disability, regardless of the student’s disability. Under the IDEA, the state Department of Education is obligated to supervise school districts’ special education programs to ensure compliance with state and federal law.

For more information on compensatory education, the Education Law Center provides an FAQ for parents about missed services during the pandemic. Families can also email Newark’s Office of Special Education or the state’s Office of Special Education at OSEinfo@doe.nj.gov for more information.  

Jessie Gomez is a reporter for Chalkbeat Newark, covering public education in the city. Contact Jessie at jgomez@chalkbeat.org

The Latest
Students who have completed most of their senior coursework can enroll this spring to learn aircraft mechanics.
School counselors say they see a spike in anxiety and depression, but there’s hope in less stigma in schools around seeking help.
Application deadlines for colleges and universities are around the corner and for some students, the process can be daunting. Bernadette Asuquo, a senior at the Essex County School of Technology, says the journey shouldn’t be stressful if you find the right support.
Newark Public Schools ranked itself high in this year’s state-required self-evaluation. In 2017, Newark’s evaluation was vital in the state’s decision to return local control to the school district.
The Newark-based charter school resumed its efforts to conduct a pay equity analysis following leadership changes in the human resource team that had originally put the plan on pause, Great Oaks Legacy said.
Dozens of students joined Make the Road NJ youth leaders to protest against policing in schools and demand more mental health resources and restorative justice practices in schools.